Please join us on Friday, November 15th at 7:00 pm in Room 132 of the Archaeology Building on the U of S Campus (55 Campus Drive) for our the 2019–2020 Jessie Caldwell Memorial Lecturer! Dr. Jill Taylor-Hollings (Lakehead University) will be speaking on “Archaeology of the Miskweyaabiziibee (Bloodvein River) in Northwestern Ontario: Part of Canada’s Newest UNESCO World Heritage Site”. All are welcome to attend!
Abstract: Archaeology of the Miskweyaabiziibee (Bloodvein River) in Northwestern Ontario: Part of Canada’s Newest UNESCO World Heritage Site
Jill Taylor-Hollings’ project investigated the archaeology of the Miskweyaabiziibee (Bloodvein River) within Woodland Caribou Provincial Park in northwestern Ontario and focused mainly on the Late Woodland through to postcontact timeframes. It was enhanced by the availability of complementary Anishinaabe traditional knowledge as well as ethnographic and ethnohistoric information. Ten community archaeological survey projects were undertaken along the Bloodvein River, as part of ongoing partnerships with Ontario Parks and Pikangikum, Lac Seul, and Little Grand Rapids First Nations within their traditional territories. Both the Bloodvein River and Woodland Caribou Provincial Park are now part of Pimachiowin Aki, Canada’s newest UNESCO World Heritage site, which was designated based on both natural and cultural values.
Eighty archaeological sites and 24 quartz quarry locales were found along the Bloodvein River in Ontario during these projects. Results from fieldwork were combined with a reanalysis of assemblages from the only other survey of the river in Ontario, during the West Patricia archaeological study in the 1970s, to identify occupations spanning the entirety of the precontact time frame. A review of pertinent ethnohistoric and ethnographic references combined with information from Anishinaabe community members about more recent postcontact sites and land use provided informed interpretations of recent cultural and technological changes. Overall, by combining the different epistemologies of archaeologists, Anishinaabe community members, and park staff a more holistic view of the ancient and recent people who lived along the Bloodvein River in Ontario was elucidated. Since Woodland Caribou Provincial Park is part of the larger Pimachiowin Aki UNESCO World Heritage Site, we contributed some of this information towards the nomination, park, and community planning documents.
Jill Taylor-Hollings has been working in the Department of Anthropology at Lakehead University since 2001. She is currently an adjunct professor and postdoctoral fellow with the SSHRC funded partnership project “Six Seasons of the Asiniskaw Ithiniwak” based at the University of Winnipeg and in Manitoba Rocky Cree communities. Jill is an archaeologist specializing in precontact pottery, lithics, and public archaeology who has worked in central Canada, Australia, and the USA. Jill has over 25 years of experience working on numerous academic, consulting, museum, and community-based archaeological projects. She completed three degrees in archaeology/anthropology including a recent PhD at the University of Alberta, MA at the University of Saskatchewan, and BA Honours at Brandon University. Her dissertation investigated ancient and more recent Indigenous lifeways along the Miskweyaabiziibee (Bloodvein River) within Woodland Caribou Provincial Park, which is now part of the Pimachiowin Aki UNESCO World Heritage site. A key component is ongoing collaborations with Anishinaabeg from Pikangikum, Little Grand Rapids, and Lac Seul First Nations, who have traditional territories along the Bloodvein River, as well as park staff. Jill is originally from southern Manitoba, so enjoys both Plains and Boreal Forest Canadian studies in particular.